What is the iron law of oligarchy quizlet?
Iron law of oligarchy. a principle of organizational life under which even a democratic organization will eventually develop into a bureaucracy ruled by a few individuals. master status. a status that dominates others and thereby determines a person's general position in society.
Who is the author of the book Political Parties a sociological study of the oligarchy tendencies of modern democracy?
Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy (German: Zur Soziologie des Parteiwesens in der modernen Demokratie; Untersuchungen über die oligarchischen Tendenzen des Gruppenlebens) is a book by the German-born Italian sociologist Robert Michels, published in 1911 and first ...
How were laws developed in an oligarchy?
Laws are made in oligarchies by a select group of powerful citizens or families in a society that retain all legal authority.
What does iron law mean?
Iron law of oligarchy
Which law is known as Iron Law of wage?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The iron law of wages is a proposed law of economics that asserts that real wages always tend, in the long run, toward the minimum wage necessary to sustain the life of the worker. The theory was first named by Ferdinand Lassalle in the mid-nineteenth century.
What is oligarchy in sociology?
(noun) A type of business or government in which a small elite group holds power; government by the few. (noun) Any group under oligarchic control.
Is America an oligarchy or democracy?
Minority rule The modern United States has also been described as an oligarchy because economic elites and organized groups representing special interests have substantial independent impacts on U.S. government policy, while average citizens and mass-based interest groups have little or no independent influence.
What exactly is an oligarch?
More generally, an oligarch is a "member of an oligarchy; a person who is part of a small group holding power in a state". Aristotle gave the concept of oligarchy some negative connotations, but the term does not necessarily imply wealth.
What is the best definition of an oligarchy?
Oligarchy, government by the few, especially despotic power exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes. Oligarchies in which members of the ruling group are wealthy or exercise their power through their wealth are known as plutocracies.
What is another name for oligarchy?
In this page you can discover 18 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for oligarchy, like: diarchy, thearchy, duumvirate, theocracy, duarchy, triumvirate, triarchy, regency, gerontocracy, aristocracy and government.
Where did oligarchy come from?
The word “oligarchy” and the concepts which it symbolizes originated in ancient Greece. In its basic use, the word identified one of the general forms of government recognized by the Greeks: that in which political government is conducted by a few persons or families.
How did oligarchy end?
The Athenian coup of 411 BC was the result of a revolution that took place during the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta. The coup overthrew the democratic government of ancient Athens and replaced it with a short-lived oligarchy known as the Four Hundred.
What does the word oligarchy mean in English?
1 : government by the few The corporation is ruled by oligarchy. 2 : a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes a military oligarchy was established in the country also : a group exercising such control An oligarchy ruled the nation.
When was oligarchy created?
How was oligarchy government practiced in ancient Greece?
How was Oligarchy government practiced in ancient Greece? Political decisions were made by aristocrats and selected members of middle class... Citizens had very little say in how city-state was run. ... Support from middle class, tryants seized power to reform laws, aid the poor, and cancel debts.
Who rules a direct democracy?
In a direct democracy, which is also called pure democracy the decisions are not taken by representatives. All decisions are voted on by the people. When a budget or law needs to be passed, then the idea goes to the people. Large governments rarely make decisions this way.
What is known about this government in Greece oligarchy?
Oligarchy. ... For the Greeks (or more particularly the Athenians) any system which excluded power from the whole citizen-body and was not a tyranny or monarchy was described as an oligarchy. Oligarchies were perhaps the most common form of city-state government and they often occurred when democracy went wrong.
Did Greece have kings?
From about 2000 B.C.E. to 800 B.C.E., most Greek city-states were ruled by monarchs—usually kings (the Greeks did not allow women to have power). At first, the Greek kings were chosen by the people of the city-state. When a king died, another leader was selected to take his place.
What laws did the oligarchs pass?
A few oligarchs were wealthy merchants. ... By passing laws that favored the rich, the oligarchs protected and increased their own wealth. They used the army to force others to obey these unjust (unfair) laws. In some city-states, such laws forced farmers who were unable to pay their debts to sell themselves into slavery.
Who ruled Greece?
The Ottomans ruled most of Greece until the early 19th century. The first self-governed, since the Middle Ages, Hellenic state was established during the French Revolutionary Wars, in 1800, 21 years before the outbreak of the Greek revolution in mainland Greece. It was the Septinsular Republic with Corfu as capital.
Who is the most famous Greek?
Alexander the Great
Who was first king of Greece?
When did Greece rule the world?
Ancient Greece (Greek: Ἑλλάς, romanized: Hellás) was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity ( c. AD 600). This era was immediately followed by the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine period.
Who came first Greeks or Romans?
Ancient history includes the recorded Greek history beginning in about 776 BC (First Olympiad). This coincides roughly with the traditional date of the founding of Rome in 753 BC and the beginning of the history of Rome.
Why is Greece called Yunan?
It is likely that the Hittites used a variant of Achaeans, Ahhiyawa, to refer to Greeks. * The Persians were first in contact with the Ionian Greeks, so they called Greeks Yunan. ... * The peoples of Italy came to refer to Greeks as Graeci, possibly from the name of a tribe in Western Greece that they first contacted.
How did Greece fall?
Rome declared war on Macedonia (northern Greece). They defeated Macedonia at the Battle of Cynoscephalae in 197 BC and then again at the Battle of Pydna in 168 BC. Rome continued its conquest of Greece. The Greeks were finally defeated at the Battle of Corinth in 146 BC.
Is Macedonia Greek or not?
Macedonia is the largest and second-most-populous Greek region, with a population of 2.
Who defeated the Greek empire?
Alexander the Great
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