What is ethnography and ethnology compare and contrast?
Anthropologists are engaged in both ethnographic and ethnological study. Ethnography is the in depth study of a particular cultural group, while ethnology is the comparative study of ethnographic data, society and culture.
What is the difference between ethnography and anthropology?
Anthropology refers to the study of human cultures and humanity in general, and ethnography is a methodological approach to learning about a culture, setting, group, or other context by observing it yourself and/or piecing together the experiences of those there (see this article for a more detailed definition of ...
What do you mean by ethnology?
: a branch of cultural anthropology dealing chiefly with the comparative and analytical study of cultures broadly : cultural anthropology.
What is the study of ethnology?
Ethnology is the comparative study of two or more cultures. ... Ethnology often compares and contrasts various cultures. Anthropologists who focus on one culture are often called ethnographers while those who focus on several cultures are often called ethnologists.
Where is ethnography used?
Today, ethnography is a common approach in various social science fields, not just anthropology. It is used not only to study distant or unfamiliar cultures, but also to study specific communities within the researcher's own society.
What is ethnography method?
Ethnographic methods are a research approach where you look at people in their cultural setting, with the goal of producing a narrative account of that particular culture, against a theoretical backdrop. ... How they interact with one another, and with their social and cultural environment.
What are the disadvantages of ethnography?
Ethnographic research has several disadvantages to consider as well. Ethnography is time consuming and requires a well-trained researcher. It takes time to build trust with informants in order to facilitate full and honest discourse. Short-term studies are at a particular disadvantage in this regard.
What is ethnography good?
One of the main advantages associated with ethnographic research is that ethnography can help identify and analyse unexpected issues. ... Because of its subjective nature, an ethnographic study (with a skilled researcher) can be very useful in uncovering and analysing relevant user attitudes and emotions.
What is ethnocentric view?
Ethnocentrism is the term anthropologists use to describe the opinion that one's own way of life is natural or correct. Some would simply call it cultural ignorance. Ethnocentrism means that one may see his/her own culture as the correct way of living.
Is Japan ethnocentric?
Attitudinally, ethnocentric groups see themselves as strong and superior, while viewing outgroups as inferior and weak. ... Japan was chosen because of its dissimilarity with the United States, its homogeneous population, and its reputation for being ethnocentric (Condon, 1984).
What is the disadvantage of Xenocentrism?
xenocentrism can easily lead to arrogance as well as the tendency of ignoring the useful and superior mindset and knowledge or that another group might offer. This results to the loss of meaningful association that a person may have with others with regard to certain specific differences.
Why is ethnocentrism dangerous?
Purposefully ignoring information about other cultures. Taking negative stereotypes and applying them in the world, such as being disrespectful or discriminatory towards someone from a different culture or of the culture as a whole. Extrinsic racism.
What are the negative effects of ethnocentrism?
In short, ethnocentric people tend to be more egoist because they only think about in group and do not aware of other cultures. This fact further results in having prejudice to other cultures, evaluating everything based on their standards, and excluding people from other cultures in their daily life.
What is a good example of ethnocentrism?
A good example of ethnocentrism is referring to parts of Asia as the “Far East.” One might question, “Far east of where?” A high level of appreciation for one's own culture can be healthy; a shared sense of community pride, for example, connects people in a society.
How can ethnocentrism be prevented?
Instead of immersing yourself immediately into unfamiliar culture, start small: Head out to a market near you to try cuisines from different parts of the world. Browse a magazine or read a picture book about the cultures different from your own. Make a food typical of the place you plan to visit.
What are the levels of ethnocentrism?
Ethnocentrism: A simple way to conceive of the three stages of ethnocentrism is in terms of attitudes toward cultural differences: those in the denial stage deny the existence of cultural differences, those in the defense stage demonize them, and those in the minimization stage trivialize differences.
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