When was the modernization theory developed?
Modernization theory emerged in the 1950s as an explanation of how the industrial societies of North America and Western Europe developed.
What is Modernisation in history?
Modernisation refers to a model of a progressive transition from a 'pre-modern' or 'traditional' to a 'modern' society. ... Modernisation theory attempts to identify the social variables that contribute to social progress and development of societies, and seeks to explain the process of social evolution.
Who created Modernisation theory?
What are the features of Industrialisation?
Characteristics of industrialization include economic growth, the more efficient division of labor, and the use of technological innovation to solve problems as opposed to dependency on conditions outside of human control.
What is the importance of Industrialisation?
Industrialization generates employment opportunities, provides educational opportunities, encourages advancement and innovation, and better utilizes resources. All of these benefits and more make industrial development extremely valuable to a population and the local economy.
What were some of the negative effects of industrialization?
Some of the drawbacks included air and water pollution and soil contamination that resulted in a significant deterioration of quality of life and life expectancy. Industrialization also exacerbated the separation of labor and capital.
Is industrialization good for the economy?
Industrialization provides increased employment opportunities in small- and large-scale industries. In an industrial economy, industry absorbs underemployed and unemployed workers from the agricultural sector, thereby increasing the income of the community.
How did industrialization change the economy?
The Industrial Revolution transformed economies that had been based on agriculture and handicrafts into economies based on large-scale industry, mechanized manufacturing, and the factory system. New machines, new power sources, and new ways of organizing work made existing industries more productive and efficient.
How did the Industrial Revolution change people's lives?
As countries industrialized, factories became larger and produced more goods. Earlier forms of work and ways of life began to disappear. ... Once factories were built, most men no longer worked at home. Some left their families behind in the country for jobs in the city.
How did industrialization affect the society?
The Industrial Revolution had many positive effects. Among those was an increase in wealth, the production of goods, and the standard of living. People had access to healthier diets, better housing, and cheaper goods. In addition, education increased during the Industrial Revolution.
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