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How does Ethnoarchaeology help the study of history?
Ethnoarchaeology aids archaeologists in reconstructing ancient lifeways by studying the material and non-material traditions of modern societies. ... Archaeologists can then infer that ancient societies used the same techniques as their modern counterparts given a similar set of environmental circumstances.
Who is considered to be the father of archeology?
William Flinders Petrie
Who invented archeology?
Archaeology proper began with an interest in the Greeks and Romans and first developed in 18th-century Italy with the excavations of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
How does Archaeology help history?
Historical archaeology studies the remains of cultures for which a written history exists. ... Through combining the use of documentation and archaeological evidence, archaeologists gain a better understanding of the past and human behavior.
Who is a archeologist?
An archeologist studies civilization's past by studying the physical remains of artifacts left by that civilization to understand their culture. Archeology is actually a subfield of anthropology, as anthropology is a broad study of all human culture.
Why excavations occur and how they are completed?
Most important excavations are the result of a prepared plan—that is to say, their purpose is to locate buried evidence about an archaeological site. ... Emergency excavations then have to be mounted to rescue whatever knowledge of the past can be obtained before these remains are obliterated forever.
WHO has started scientific way of excavation?
Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie
How do archaeologists investigate a dig?
Geophysical techniques are commonly used before excavating to scan the ground where researchers know archaeological remains are buried. These nondestructive methods help pick out buried anomalies from surrounding soils by distinguishing their density, magnetic properties or conduction of electrical currents.
How do archaeologists identify sites for excavation?
In what's known as a systematic survey, they walk a landscape, in orderly paths, looking for surfaced artifacts and other hints of underground sites. Researchers plot finds with GPS to produce maps, revealing areas with lots of artifacts — a good clue for where to dig. Surveys may cover a small region, but thoroughly.
What is the difference between an artifact and a fossil?
That's a different science. Archaeologists looks for artifacts! Fossils are the remains of living things (plants, animals, people), not of things that were made. Artifacts are the remains of things that were made, not the remains of living things.
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