What are the differences between the medical and social models of disability?

What are the differences between the medical and social models of disability?

The social model of disability says that disability is caused by the way society is organised. The medical model of disability says people are disabled by their impairments or differences. ... The medical model looks at what is 'wrong' with the person and not what the person needs.

Is having dementia a disability?

Qualifying for Disability If You Have Dementia The Social Security Administration (SSA) will find you disabled if you meet the requirements of an official disability "listing" in the SSA's listing of impairments, or if your disability has reduced your functioning so much that you can't do your past work or other work.

Which of the following diseases can cause dementia?

Causes

  • Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia. ...
  • Vascular dementia. This second most common type of dementia is caused by damage to the vessels that supply blood to your brain. ...
  • Lewy body dementia. ...
  • Frontotemporal dementia. ...
  • Mixed dementia.

Is vascular dementia classed as a disability?

“A physical or mental impairment that has a 'substantial' and 'long-term' negative effect on a person's ability to do normal daily activities.” So, clearly many people with dementia would be classed as 'disabled' under this law. Some might not though, especially those in the early stages of dementia.

Does vascular dementia cause personality changes?

As vascular dementia progresses, many people also develop behaviours that seem unusual or out of character. The most common include irritability, agitation, aggressive behaviour and a disturbed sleep pattern. Someone may also act in socially inappropriate ways.

How do they test for vascular dementia?

A person suspected of having vascular dementia will generally have a brain scan to look for any changes that have taken place in the brain. A scan such as CT (computerised tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) may rule out a tumour or build-up of fluid inside the brain.

Can vascular dementia get worse suddenly?

Vascular dementia will usually get worse over time. This can happen in sudden steps, with periods in between where the symptoms do not change much, but it's difficult to predict when this will happen. Home-based help will usually be needed, and some people will eventually need care in a nursing home.

What is the life expectancy of someone with vascular dementia?

On average, people with vascular dementia live for around five years after symptoms begin, less than the average for Alzheimer's disease. Because vascular dementia shares many of the same risk factors as heart attack and stroke, in many cases, the person's death will be caused by a stroke or heart attack.

Do vascular dementia patients sleep a lot?

It is quite common for a person with dementia, especially in the later stages, to spend a lot of their time sleeping – both during the day and night. This can sometimes be distressing for the person's family and friends, as they may worry that something is wrong.

What happens when you have vascular dementia?

Vascular dementia is a general term describing problems with reasoning, planning, judgment, memory and other thought processes caused by brain damage from impaired blood flow to your brain.