What are the strengths of Marxism?

What are the strengths of Marxism?


  • A strength of marxism is that this theory analyses power and conflict in society. It explains why there is such an uneven distribution of power and wealth between social classes.
  • marxism helps explain conflict and change.

Is positivism still relevant today?

[1] Though there are few today who would refer to themselves as “positivists”, the influence of positivism is still widespread, with it exercising considerable influence over the natural and social sciences, both explicitly and implicitly.

What are the different stages of development of society?

The four stages of social movement development are emergence, coalescence, bureaucra- tization, and decline. The Decline stage can result from several different causes, such as repression, co-optation, success, failure, and mainstream.

What do positivists argue?

Positivism is the view that sociology can and should use the methods of the natural sciences, (e.g. physics and chemistry). ... A positivist would argue that researchers can simply measure crime using quantitative methods and identify patterns and correlations.

What do positivists believe law?

Legal positivism is a school of jurisprudence whose advocates believe that the only legitimate sources of law are those written rules, regulations, and principles that have been expressly enacted, adopted, or recognized by a governmental entity or political institution, including administrative, executive, legislative, ...

Why do positivists Favour questionnaires?

Positivists prefer quantitative methods such as social surveys, structured questionnaires and official statistics because these have good reliability and representativeness. Positivists see society as shaping the individual and believe that 'social facts' shape individual action.

Why do Interpretivists Favour qualitative data?

Surveys are unlikely to be completed honestly, and offer little scope for respondents to reveal unexpected truths about themselves. For this reason interpretivists prefer qualitative methods. Unstructured interviews and participant observation allow more genuine two-way interaction to take place.

Why do Interpretivists reject questionnaires?

Interpretivists reject methods such as the questionnaire because they argue such methods are artificial – they are unlikely to produce data that tell sociologists how people really feel.

Is Grounded Theory an epistemology?

Grounded theory offered a qualitative approach rooted in ontological critical realism and epistemological objectivity (Annells, 1997). ... The goal of traditional grounded theory is to discover a theory that explains a Basic Social Process.