What is Charles Horton Cooley known for?

What is Charles Horton Cooley known for?

Cooley is known in sociology for his contribution to the development of the interactionist perspective and for his development of the looking glass self. He was one of the first to define the importance of society in forming the individual or self and the importance of primary groups.

Why is the looking glass self Theory important?

According to Self, Symbols, & Society , Cooley's theory is notable because it suggests that self-concept is built not in solitude, but rather within social settings. ... In this way, society and individuals are not separate, but rather two complementary aspects of the same phenomenon.

What is referred to as the Looking Glass Self of Cooley?

The looking-glass self is a social psychological concept created by Charles Horton Cooley in 1902. It states that a person's self grows out of society's interpersonal interactions and the perceptions of others. ... Finally, we develop our self through the judgments of others.

What sorts of things do students learn from the hidden curriculum?

Examples of things taught through the 'hidden curriculum include: respecting authority. respect for other pupils' opinions. punctuality.

Which is the best example of the hidden curriculum?

Hidden curriculum consists of concepts informally and often unintentionally taught in our school system. Social expectations of gender, language, behavior, or morals are examples of this. The results of hidden curricula in schools filter out into society as students grow into adults.

Does a common curriculum promote equality?

The Common Core helps address inequity in education by ensuring all students are taught to the same high standards and held to the same rigorous expectations. ... A Common Core-aligned curriculum will create a more challenging and exciting classroom experience.

What is the purpose of hidden curriculum?

Hidden expectations, skill sets, knowledge, and social process can help or hinder student achievement and belief systems. A hidden curriculum refers to the unspoken or implicit values, behaviors, procedures, and norms that exist in the educational setting.

What are the characteristics of hidden curriculum?

A hidden curriculum is a side effect of schooling, "[lessons] which are learned but not openly intended" such as the transmission of norms, values, and beliefs conveyed in the classroom and the social environment. Any learning experience may include unneeded lessons.

What is a Phantom curriculum?

Phantom curriculum: The messages prevalent in and through exposure to any type of. media. These components and messages play a major part in the enculturation of students. into the predominant meta-culture or in acculturating students into narrower or generational. subcultures.

What are the 7 stages of curriculum development?


  • (1) Identify Issue/Problem/Need. ...
  • (2) Form Curriculum Development Team. ...
  • (3) Conduct Needs Assessment and Analysis. ...
  • (4) State Intended Outcomes. ...
  • (5) Select Content. ...
  • (6) Design Experiential Methods. ...
  • (7) Produce Curriculum Product. ...
  • (8) Test and Revise Curriculum.

What are the 4 types of curriculum?

There are four different types of curricula that educators have to address in the classroom; these four are the explicit, implicit, null, and extracurricular.

What are the 9 types of curriculum?

The following represents the many different types of curriculum used in schools today.

  • Overt, explicit, or written curriculum. ...
  • Societal curriculum (or social curricula) ...
  • The hidden or covert curriculum. ...
  • The null curriculum. ...
  • Phantom curriculum. ...
  • Concomitant curriculum. ...
  • Rhetorical curriculum. ...
  • Curriculum-in-use.

What is ideal or recommended curriculum?

The Recommended Curriculum is the name given to the curriculum construed by the educational stakeholders at the national level. It is more general and usually consists of policy guidelines. It actually reflects the impact of “opinion shapers” such as: policy makers.

What are the six approaches to curriculum?

According to Ornstein and Hunkins (2009) six curriculum approaches are Behavioral Approach, Managerial Approach, Systems Approach, Academic Approach, Reconceptualist Approach, and Humanistic Approach. Each one is important to our definition of the word curriculum.

What are the 3 approaches to curriculum?

There are three models of curriculum design: subject-centered, learner-centered, and problem-centered design.

What are the major conceptions of curriculum?

Concept of Curriculum: The term curriculum refers to the lessons and academic content taught in a school or in a specific course or program. In dictionaries, curriculum is often defined as the courses offered by a school, but it is rarely used in such a general sense in schools.

What are the approaches to curriculum implementation?

Humanistic Approach Rooted in the progressive philosophy and child-centered movement Considers the formal or planned curriculum and the informal or hidden curriculum. 25. Humanistic Approach Considers the whole child and believes that in curriculum the total development of the individual is the prime consideration.

What are the factors that influence curriculum implementation?

There are various factors that influence Curriculum Implementation like the learners, resource materials and facilities, the teacher, the school environment, culture and ideology, instructional supervision and assessment.

What is the change process in curriculum implementation?

2. It's a process wherein the learners acquire the planned or intended knowledge, skills and attitudes that are aimed at enabling the same learners to functions effectively in the society.

What are the elements of curriculum implementation?

Curriculum implementation is the translation of a written curriculum into classroom practices. Regardless of the definition or approach, curriculum can be organized into three major components: objectives, content or subject matter, and learning experiences.