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What is Leninism theory?
Leninism is a political ideology developed by Russian Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin that proposes the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat led by a revolutionary vanguard party, as the political prelude to the establishment of communism.
What is the motto of communism?
The political slogan "Workers of the world, unite!" is one of the rallying cries from the The Communist Manifesto (1848) by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels (German: Proletarier aller Länder vereinigt Euch!, literally "Proletarians of all countries, unite!", but soon popularised in English as "Workers of the world, unite ...
What did Karl Marx believe about history?
Marx had said as early as 1845: “The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point is to change it” (Theses on Feuerbach). It is above all to help frame our action and our practice today, that we study History, which is essentially a record of the past circumstances and our past practice.
What is Karl Marx's theory on materialism?
For Marx and Engels, materialism meant that the material world, perceptible to the senses, has objective reality independent of mind or spirit. They did not deny the reality of mental or spiritual processes but affirmed that ideas could arise, therefore, only as products and reflections of material conditions.
What is dialectics in Marxism?
Dialectical materialism is a philosophy of science, history, and nature developed in Europe and based on the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Marxist dialectics emphasizes the importance of real-world conditions, in terms of class, labor, and socioeconomic interactions.
What is soul according to Aristotle?
A soul, Aristotle says, is “the actuality of a body that has life,” where life means the capacity for self-sustenance, growth, and reproduction. If one regards a living substance as a composite of matter and form, then the soul is the form of a natural—or, as Aristotle sometimes says, organic—body.
Did Aristotle believe in dualism?
Belief in the possibility of the soul's existence separately from the body suffices to make one a dualist, but Aristotle rejects that belief for at least most types of soul. If Aristotle is committed to dualism, he must be committed to a weaker version of it which admits that the soul cannot exist apart from the body.
How does Aristotle divide the soul?
Aristotle first notes that since virtue is excellence of the soul, we need a rough account of the soul. He divides the soul into the following aspects or parts: ... Its virtues include theoretical wisdom (sophia), understanding (sunesis), and practical wisdom (phronesis). They are discussed in Book VI.
What is sensitive soul according to Aristotle?
Aristotle's three parts soul concept further proposed that a sensitive soul could exist in animate forms of life allowing perceptions of the world. Whilst most animate forms of life were held to be capable of experiencing appetites and desires and being sensitive to pleasures and pain.
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