What are the five bases of power proposed by French and Raven?

What are the five bases of power proposed by French and Raven?

In 1959, social psychologists John French and Bertram Raven identified five bases of power:

  • Legitimate.
  • Reward.
  • Expert.
  • Referent.
  • Coercive.

What are the 7 bases of power?

In her book, Lipkin writes about these specific types of power and why it's important for leaders to understand what type of power they're using.

  • Legitimate Power. ...
  • Coercive Power. ...
  • Expert Power. ...
  • Informational Power. ...
  • Power of Reward. ...
  • Connection Power. ...
  • Referent Power.

What is power and what are the bases of power?

In this study of power, Raven identified five bases of power as coercive, reward, legitimate, referent, and expert. Leadership involves authority and it is very important for leaders to understand what type of power they're using. ...

How do you develop personal power?

The trick is to connect with it and own it.

  1. Follow these 10 steps to own your personal power.
  2. Acknowledge and declare your ambition. ...
  3. Replace negative self-talk with positive affirmations. ...
  4. Advocate for yourself and others. ...
  5. Ask for help when you need it. ...
  6. Speak up and share your opinions and ideas. ...
  7. Acknowledge your fears.

What is legitimate power?

Legitimate power - The authority granted to someone stemming from a position in a group or organization. Legitimate power stems from an authority's legitimate right to require and demand compliance. Legitimate power stems from a leader's formal authority over activities.

What are some examples of legitimate power?

Examples of people with Legitimate Power include CEOs, presidents, and monarchs. In the above diagram, the top-level leader (Level 1) has authority over all people underneath them – the entire organization. Each of the leaders at the next level (Level 2) has authority over three separate people each.

Who has expert power?

People who have more knowledge or experience than other members of their team exhibit expert power. For example, an executive with 20 years of experience in their field has expert power over a recent college graduate who is just starting their career.

Which base of power is more effective and why?

 Of the three bases of formal power and two bases of personal power research suggests that personal power sources are most effective.  Both expert power and referent power are positively related to employees' satisfaction with supervision, their organisational commitment and their performance.

Why is coercive power bad?

Coercive Power Disadvantages » Lowers job satisfaction: people resent it being used on them as they feel under a microscope. ... » Doesn't work if you are not able to carry out the threat: In this case the threat is counterproductive, and your authority as a leader can be undermined.

What are the two bases of personal power?

There are two main bases of personal power, which include referent power and expert power. Referent power is the result of a subordinate's respect and adoration for the manager and is seen when an employee seeks to identify with the manager with whom they admire.

What is the biggest downside of reward power?

Reward Power Disadvantages Tangible rewards cost an organization money. ... If a reward is given based on performance, other employees who didn't receive the reward may feel less motivated. Giving a reward to an employee, particularly if done regularly, can cause them to expect similar rewards in the future.

What are the types of power relationships?

Power is an interpersonal relationship in which one person or group has the ability to cause another person or group to take an action that it would not have taken otherwise. There are five basic kinds of power: (1) referent, (2) expert, (3) legitimate, (4) reward, and (5) coercive.

How do you gain power as a woman?

Women Only: 7 Steps to Reclaim Your Power

  1. Take back your power. Women nurture this world. ...
  2. See yourself in control. We prepare ourselves for the worst without even realizing it. ...
  3. Protect your energy. ...
  4. Maintain your standards. ...
  5. Become your own boss. ...
  6. Honor your authenticity. ...
  7. Love your own kind.

Why does a person need both position power and personal power?

Why does a person need both position power and personal power to achieve long term managerial effectiveness? Position power - based on reward, punishment and formal authority. ... personal power is essential b/c it helps get things done beyond the scope of their position alone.

What does it mean when someone has power over you?

When someone has a negative influence over any aspect of your life, you're giving them power over you — and that can hold you back. Instead, establish healthy boundaries with the people around you — and assume responsibility for your emotions, not theirs.

What gives someone power?

Many assume power comes from “outside-in.” They believe power is granted to a person by someone else. ... Real power is increased within a person simply by the choices they make, the actions they take, and the thoughts they create.

How do you stop letting someone hurt you?

5 Ways to Let Go of Past Hurts

  1. Make the decision to let it go. Things don't disappear on their own. ...
  2. Express your pain — and your responsibility. ...
  3. Stop being the victim and blaming others. ...
  4. Focus on the present — the here and now — and joy. ...
  5. Forgive them — and yourself.

How do you tell if someone is trying to destroy you?

How To Recognize A Person Who Will Ruin Your Life.

  1. They are generally negative and toxic people and have nothing good to say about anyone or anything.
  2. They always play the victim card to get your sympathy.
  3. They will try to put down your dreams and ambitions.
  4. They talk about you behind your back.

How do you not let your comments bother you?

10 WAYS TO NOT LET PEOPLE'S WORDS AND OPINIONS HURT YOU

  1. It usually isn't about you. Hurt people hurt people (as a friend of mine use to say). ...
  2. Words mean different things to each of us. ...
  3. Words can't hurt you without your permission. ...
  4. Allow yourself to feel your reaction. ...
  5. Notice the wound inside. ...
  6. Speak your truth. ...
  7. Put both wounds on the dissection table. ...
  8. Practice more daily self-love.